From this paper: http://hci.ucsd.edu/media/uploads/hci_papers/EH1996-1.pdf
There is a trend in current cockpit design to build two separate crew work
stations for the two pilots. Mechanically linked control yokes are being replaced
in some cockpits by side-stick controllers that are mounted outboard of the
pilot’s seats and are not mechanically linked to each other. From the perspective
of individual pilot performance, side-stick controllers are functionally equivalent
to (or perhaps superior to) control yokes. From the distributed cognition
perspective, however, the side-stick equipped cockpit has a different
distribution of access to information and this may affect the cognitive properties
of the cockpit system.
That was written Edwin Hutchins and Tove Klausen in 1995.
Air France Flight 447 went down 14 years later.
From the Wikipedia article:
In a July 2012 CBS report, Sullenberger suggested the design of the Airbus cockpit might have been a factor in the accident. The flight controls are not mechanically linked between the two pilot seats, and Robert, the left-seat pilot who believed he had taken over control of the aircraft, was not aware that Bonin continued to hold the stick back, which overrode Robert’s own control.
Edwin Hutchins is also the author of Cognition in the Wild which is the subject of another thread here.