I’ve always wondered why US flag vessels that can provide their own pilotage (tug/barge with recency for example), still must employ a pilot when sailing on register, aka going foreign, or coming from foreign? I understand when, not the Why.
For pilotage purposes, the use to which a vessel is being put is determined by examining thevoyage leg upon which it is engaged at any given time. A voyage leg is considered to be any trip betweentwo ports or any transit within a port. For any given voyage leg, a dual- or multi-documented U.S. vesselis deemed to be operating on its registry endorsement so long as it is:
(a) carrying any domestic cargo for delivery to a foreign port;
(b) carrying any foreign cargo for delivery to a U.S. port or place embraced within thecoastwise laws;
© carrying any foreign cargo for delivery to a foreign port (even though there may beintermediate stops in U.S. ports); or
(d) sailing in ballast from a U.S. port to a foreign port or from a foreign port to a U.S. port.
Anyone able to explain the logic there? Why is a foreign voyage different than a domestic one? There are obvious reasons I can imagine, but in modern times they really don’t make sense.