[QUOTE=c.captain;170127]I do not believe any mariner would choose to lie “a hull” in any storm but given the right circumstances a ship can survive however that requires a fair margin of excess righting arm, a deck, hatches and vents which are truly watertight and most importantly not having cargo which will come adrift or shift when subject to the intense rolls. I do not think the EL FARO would pass even one of the three criteria[/QUOTE]
My point was not that it would be the best tactic but rather that the assumption that in all cases loosing power automatically means that the vessel is going to be in a much worse situation is not necessarily correct. It depends on the GM, the ship’s rolling period, and the wave period.
This is from Nichols"s Seamanship and Nautical Knowledge by Cockcroft chapter 11, Heavy Weather;
An alternative method is to lie beam on to the sea with the engine stopped. The stress associated with heading into the sea will be avoided but the vessel [B][U]may[/U][/B] roll heavily causing racking stress and greater risk of cargo shifting. This method [B][U]is therefore not suitable for a vessel which is stiff.[/U][/B] When lying beam on to the seas a ship is likely to drift rapidly to leeward so there needs to be plenty of sea room in that direction.
Like I said it not a well known tactic and it is controversial. Aside for the book, I have actually experience in heavy weather (winds 70 kts, seas 15 meters) with a large ship DIW at sea.
I believe that your assertion that a ship lying a-hull would require an excess righting arm is incorrect, it is contrary to both my experience, understanding and to the section in Nicholls’s Seamanship which is a standard text-book.