NTSB Recommends Changes Following 2021 Oil Spill Off Southern California Coast

As a result, the NTSB recommended that the U.S. Coast Guard implement a proposed change to the anchorage, moving its boundary farther away from the pipeline. Additionally, the NTSB suggested the development and implementation of audible and visual alarms for Vessel Traffic Services (VTS) watchstanders to notify them when an anchored vessel is encroaching on a pipeline.

The M/V Danit apparently was the ship involved.

Did A Ship Anchor Hit The Pipeline In California? - #58 by Kennebec_Captain

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The NTSB preliminary report (subject to editing) >>>

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We also found that, because of the proximity of the anchorage positions that the Beijing and MSC Danit were assigned to and the pipeline, the crews had insufficient time and space to heave in their dragging anchors in high winds and seas before the anchors contacted the pipeline. The southeast boundary of the anchorage and the location of contingency anchorage positions southwest of the anchorage did not leave a sufficient margin of safety between anchored vessels and the pipeline.

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NTSB staff must not have much work. It took more staffers to put this investigation/report together than was needed to produce Private Ryan. Any lawyer for the ship companies should be able to poke signifiant holes in the conclusions.

According to the report two different ships snagged the pipeline.

Postaccident examination of vessel traffic in the area determined that on January 25, 2021,
vessels anchored nearby were subjected to high winds and seas generated by a strong cold
front. As a result, the containerships Beijing and MSC Danit dragged anchor, and the anchors
struck, displaced, and damaged the San Pedro Bay Pipeline. We determined that the MSC
Danit anchor’s contact with the pipeline was the initiating event that led to the eventual crude
oil release.