Legal aspects of Autonomous ships

Autonomous Containership Trialed in Japan:
image

First autonomous ocean crossing by a large commercial vessel:

Still with the bridge fully manned at all times.

SOP in shipping, you need the Captain as the fall guy

Two drone “barges” are on their way from the building yard in India to Norway:

They will initially be manned, but if everything goes to plan they will make their first fully autonomous unmanned crossings on f the Oslo fjord in 2024:


The Autonomous and electrical powered vessel the “YARA BIRKELAND” approaching her berth in Heroya, Norway.
Photo: Capt Peter Reinsma Master of LPG/C/E “Coral Patula”©

PS> There are still a crew onboard for safety and legal reasons. (Only to watch, not touch)

Before you ask; mooring is also autonomous:

ONE SEA ADDS AVIKUS TO BRING KEY SOUTH KOREAN INNOVATOR INTO AUTONOMOUS SHIP TECHNOLOGY ALLIANCE:
https://thedigitalship.com/news/electronics-navigation/item/8193-avikus-joins-one-sea-s-autonomous-ship-technology-alliance