The story of the Draupner wave is well known.
In the area, the SWH was about 12 m (39 ft), so the Draupner wave was more than twice as tall and steep as its neighbors, with characteristics that fell outside any known wave model. The wave caused enormous interest in the scientific community.
Has anything similar ever happened in science before? Mariners had experienced and reported rouge waves but these reports were dismissed by scientist. A single measurement overturned everything.
This BBC transcript that I’ve never seen before came up with a search
From that article:
According to all scientific knowledge of the sea freak waves are practically impossible. Scientists have understood ocean waves for centuries. They are simply made by the wind. The stronger the wind and the longer it blows the bigger the waves. In order to predict the biggest wave a ship will meet scientists use a set of mathematical equations called the Linear Model. This says that in any sea condition there is a limit to how big the largest wave will be and that mariners tales of monster waves that come out of nowhere have got to be wrong.
The transcript also mentions the loss of the München and the encounter the Queen Elizabeth 2 with a rouge wave.