Total has started production from two FPSOs offshore Angola:
Seen here in operation:
I was involved at a very early stage of this project, namely the arrival of the two VLCCs at Sembawang Shipyard for conversion to FPSO.
I attended on board as MWS on both for the final voyage from AEW to Sembawang and to approve the mooring arrangement at the yard, where they were expected to spend >18 months afloat without any propulsion or winch power.
Sept. 2014: VLCC Olympia (320000 dwt) leaving Eastern Working Anchorage, Singapore for Sembawang Shipyard to be converted to an FPSO. Here in Johor Strait, passing Pulau Ubin to Stbd. and Changi Point/Loyang Marine Base on port side:
Yes you are right. That is the Kaombo Norte, ex Antarctica, under conversion. (Still moored at the same place as when I left her)
PS> The white “structure” you see there at right is the gambling boat Leisure world:
They also converted one of the icebreaking Aframax tankers into an FPSO:
Note the Azipod propulsion unit.
I bet the sister ship, which remains in tanker service for the time being, is also an interesting candidate for FPSO conversion - that ice class hull has lots to give for corrosion and the diesel-electric power plant is useful in the second life…
That is the least amount of processing equipment I have seen on any FPSO. May be explained by the low oil and high water content in the well stream. Low associated gas content is also evident from the flare arrangement, although not mentioned in the text.
Working in shallow waters in the Congo River mouth with a 16-point anchor mooring spread and off-loading arrangement at bow only.
Yes it is a catenary spread mooring system, with high hold Stevprise anchors and probably heavy chains. This system is suitable for permanent moorings in shallow water and benign conditions.
The Congo River mouth fits that description, but it also have hard bottom and VERY strong current. (I know from moving rigs and working with construction barges there back in the 1980s)
I would suppose that there will be more anchor legs in the up-river direction, which would be stern of the FPSO, to allow for easier mooring of export tankers connecting to the bow with a single hawser.
PS> The “bible” for mooring systems, anchors and anchor handling is the Vryhof Anchor Manual, which can be downloaded free here:
That depends on what you consider “moderate water depth”?
Not an easy thing to answer, since it also depend on the type of vessel/structure to be moored, whether permanent (years) or temporary(weeks/months) and what is the purpose/ operation to be conducted. Of course also on the weather conditions, swells and current, as well as bottom conditions. (Rocky, hard, medium or soft soil)
For any long term mooring Metocean study, Geotechnical study and Mooring Analysis is carried out based on 10-, 100, or even 1000-year return conditions.
Thanks for interesting articles. I have never understood why they use second hand, old (20 years +) VLCC hulls to put new, expensive FPSO modules on. I think hull new buildings are better and that the shape should be like a life buoy: http://heiwaco.com/fpsonew.htm .
Anyway, the cargo oil tanks must be accessible for maintenance, when other cargo oil tanks are full of cargo/gas, so it is important that the IG system is correct. You cannot use an old SOLAS type IG tanker system on an FPSO. http://heiwaco.com/fpsosystem.htm
I can assure you it is interesting to look for structural cracks inside an oil tanker VLCC cargo tank, with the surrounding tanks full of cargo:
It seems the new SBM Offshore FPSOs are just double hull pontoons with 18 cargo tanks and no propulsion. They will be towed around to the various fields of operations. Mooring and electric power systems will differ.
I’ll tip them off that they should contact you for some good advise on everything.
I’m sure you’ll set them straight and teach them a thing or two about the offshore industry that nobody else know, or understand.
Thanks. So the FPSO has capacity 900 000 barrels and the daily production is 90 000 barrels, so there will be offloads almost every week. But they start slowly - only 8 000 bod. There is also a pipeline to shore … so what is the purpose of the FPSO? And then there is 75 million cubic feet of gas a day to handle. Any idea what is done with it? Just burnt off?