Vanport, Liberty Ships, and Jim Crow Shipyards

This proved to be a problem for Portland because the city and the state of Oregon had a long-established history of excluding black residents. The first law excluding Blacks from the state was enacted in 1844. Oregon entered the Union in 1859 as a “whites-only” state. The original state constitution banned slavery but also excluded nonwhites from living there. The exclusionary laws remained on the books until 1922.