Understanding China


Like the European countries during the early phases of WWII?
Nobody had defense plans, or was otherwise prepared against a German attack, beside Switzerland.

The Swiss have neither coal, nor oil, nor any valuable ores in their soil; they were not even able to feed their own people. The only valuable things they had for the Germans were the roads and the railroads over or through the Alps, between Germany and Italy, between northern Europe and the Mediterranean countries.

It is always expensive for an army to occupy a mountainous country; but with the necessary German energy, the Swiss army would have been no match.

However, the Swiss had mined all their bridges, at the frontier and inland, and all their railroad tunnels, in the pre-alpine hills and through the Alps.
This was no secret, and the Germans knew that the Swiss would use these explosives.
What could have been the sense of occupying Switzerland with her only valuables destroyed?

Nobody ever thought (beside the Japanese dreamers in the early 1900s) to occupy China, it is simply too huge. Nevertheless, China’s much smaller neighbors would be wise to prepare…


Imagine all the chinese property that could be seized around the world, if they did start a war
would make a few rich chinese angry
same issue with Russia, which keeps them in check


Maybe I should have put an emoji behind there, but are there any for “sarcastic”?
What I meant is that everybody talk about DEFENCE Forces, DEFENCE Department, DEFENCE Industry etc. Nobody use the term ATTACK Forces, WAR Department, War Profiteers, or other aggressive terms.

So, if nobody is ATTACKING, why have DEFENCE?? (Sarcasm)

I know that in the real world there are war planners, war mongers and all kinds of other rascals, sitting safely in their gilded towers, planning how to end all life on earth.

But it is not as if that is something that is particular to any one nation.


I got it, yes, true the military machine is a great technology boost to your country assuming you are making it and not buying it ( or stealing it in the case of China)
It helps lots of industries
Useful in natural disasters and other rescues etc

The British might need them to keep the foreigners out of their fishing grounds after March 2019?


The US had a department of war until shortly after WWII when it became the department of defense. Probably more palletable to the public to ramp up the ‘defense’ spending with no war besides a cold one.


China lifting all restrictions on foreign ownership in the shipping sector:


China would be crazy not to do whatever it takes to secure their supply lines from the outside world.
As the largest importer of oil, iron ore and a whole host of other commodities they need to ensure that supplies can flow freely.

Being hemmed in by island states that could potentially be influenced or occupied by hostile forces, they are arranging alternative supply routes and ports outside that constrain, as well as overland routes. So far this has been done by soft power and money, but obviously they are also aware that they could need to protect those routes by military power. If they should be provoked into taking such steps it is too late to start building the means by which to do so.

Nobody should take the Chinese and their leaders as fools, weak, or ill informed on the world outside China. They are realists, pragmatists and hold a long term view of the future. They also have a long history to draw on for examples of what happens when you are weak, or not prepared to meet the challenges from foreign powers. If there is anything all Chinese agree on it is that the humiliations of the 19th and early 20th Century shall NEVER be repeated.


Never heard of Antong?? Neither had I, yet it has become among the largest inter-modular, logistics and container shipping companies in the world. (No.14):

It just shows the sizes and development of the domestic Chinese shipping, logistics and other businesses.


I served in the Armed Forces and at that time the police were unarmed. It was renamed the Defence Force after I left.


Trump may be getting what he wants, maybe too early to tell…



Taxes are necessary and unavoidable to fund government. Taxes must be levied on something.

It’s much better to tax imports than it is to raise income taxes or start a new VAT tax (like most countries have).

If companies want to import from cheap producers with no environmental rules or labor laws, instead of manufacturing in the US and complying with progressive labor and environmental rules, and contributing to their home economy, then let them pay import tariffs.

If consumers want to use their welfare checks to buy cheap junk at Walmart that was made in China, then let’s tax their stupidity with import duties. If the taxes become high enough, maybe they will become less stupid.View it as a form of public education.

Of course Trump is going to win the trade war with China. China buys almost nothing from The US., while the US buys too much from China. How could Trump possibly lose this trade war.

More importantly, how could previous leaders have been so stupid.


A new book written by a seasoned shipping and logistics writer is a must for those who want to understand BRI from a shipping point of view, and; “Wheeler aims to dispel many of the popular misconceptions with his new publication”.


It is not only Mainland China that is ahead of the curve when it comes to applying the sulphur cap.
Be aware that it will apply also in Hong Kong and Taiwan from 01. Jan. 2019:


From today’s Lloyds List, another pawn:

WITH CHINA’s help, Algeria is seeking to turn its economy in a new direction. Faced with declining revenues from hydrocarbons, the North African country is turning to its phosphate mining sector and developing the infrastructure needed to support the new venture.

Phosphates are at the heart of a new, $6bn agreement signed by Abdelmoumen Ould Kaddour, chief executive officer of Sonatrach, Algeria’s national oil and gas company, and Chen Xiaojia, chairman of China’s CITIC Construction.

The agreement, which envisions exports rising to more than 10 million tonnes per annum in 2020 from the current 1.5mtpa, builds on earlier plans of the North African country to develop its road, rail and port facilities to support the increased throughput.

Officials said the project’s funding will be focused on four main areas of the country, including El-Hadba ($1.2bn), Souk Ahras province ($2.2bn), Skikda province ($2.5bn), and the port of Annaba ($200m) [See Map].

In accord with Algerian investment law, the project will see Sonatrach and state-run fertilizer manufacturer Semidal-Manal, taking a 51% stake in the project, while CITIC and phosphate mining giant Wengfu Group Co Ltd take an estimated 49% stake.

Representatives of the consortia are scheduled to meet again in December to complete a shareholder agreement, state media reported.

The Algeria deal “is exactly in line with China’s shifting strategy on trade,” said Even Pay, a senior agriculture analyst with Beijing-based advisory firm China Policy. “China will be happy to have more of these fertilizers on the global market. China wants to move up the global value chain, that is, providing the capital, technology and expertise to produce phosphate fertilizer elsewhere,” she added.

Meanwhile, the new focus on increased exports of phosphates follows from the widespread recognition that Algeria’s oil and gas export revenues are on the decline, while its mining sector, especially of phosphates, is on the rise.

“Algeria’s status as a major hydrocarbons exporter will face mounting pressure over the coming decade as maturing fields, insufficient investment in exploration activities and continuously increasing domestic oil and gas demand weighs on export volumes,” Fitch Solutions said in its Algeria Petrochemicals Report, Q1 2019 .

By contrast, Algeria’s mining sector — especially its phosphate mining — is seen as an alternative to the declining revenues of hydrocarbons. More to the point, phosphate mining can boost Algeria into the league of top world exporters.

“Iron ore and phosphate rock are currently the only minerals that are being produced in the country on a large scale,” the Oxford Business Group said. “New projects in the pipeline or under consideration should see output of both increase dramatically in the future,” OBG said. “The country is set to become one of the leading international producers of phosphate by 2021,” it said.

Algerians are well aware of the trends — down in hydrocarbons and up in phosphate mining. Indeed, at the signing of the agreement with China this week, Mr Kaddour said: “The sharp fall of oil prices forced Algeria to adopt a new strategy that is based on diversifying its oil-dependent economy, and this mega phosphate project is a big step towards reinforcing this strategy.”

But Algeria’s strategy also includes transportation, according to OBG.

“In addition to development on the production side, efforts are under way to enhance the logistical environment for miners,” OBG said. “A number of major rail infrastructure projects are under construction or consideration around the country as part of efforts to facilitate the development of the sector,” it said.

As early as March this year, the Algerian government allocated $438m for phase one of a project to upgrade the railway between Bir Ater and the port of Annaba. The railway will have the capacity to transfer 10mtpa of phosphate from the Djebel Onk and El Habda mines near Bir Ater to processing plants near Souk Ahras and Skikda.

In June, the government also announced plans for new or upgraded railways and ring roads to be built in connection with the port centre of El-Hamdania, 70 km west of Algiers [See Map].

Describing the new port as having a 20-metre draft, officials said it would serve as a transshipment centre, able to handle 6.5m teu a year and 25.7m tonnes a year of general cargo. Development of the port project is scheduled to begin this year, with completion expected by 2025.

When operational El-Hamdania [below] could compete for transshipment traffic with Tanger Med port in Morocco as well as with southern European ports, such as Spain’s Algeciras and Italy’s Gioia Tauro.

A related project involves upgrading a highway to Algeria’s southern border from El-Hamdania that would also enable the port to compete with ports in West Africa by taking containers more quickly to landlocked countries in the sub-region such as Mali, Niger and Chad.

Implementation of the El-Hamdania port project is to be undertaken by a 51%-49% partnership between Algeria’s Public Port Services Group along with China State Construction Corporation and China Harbor Engineering Company. Officials said the $3.3bn port project would be financed under a long-term Chinese credit.


To understand China, you must understand Chinese


Meanwhile more examples of the “good kind” of nationalism…


China is holding two Chinese-American kids who went to China to visit their Chinese-American mother, because their father (who they haven’t heard from since 2012) allegedly committed financial crimes. China is holding the kids hostage to try to force the father to surrender himself.

The US should strengthen its warnings against travel by Americans to China. It should also stop issuing US visas to Chinese citizens until those kids are allowed to return to the US.


China is not adverse to using harsh methods to get corrupt people to face charges according to Law.

But they don’t hold thousands of children hostage to keep law abiding people from entering to seek asylum according to International agreement.


How about the children in Xinjiang? Where is your bleeding heart sympathy for them?

Your hypocrisy is absolutely ASTOUNDING in both it’s depth and repetitiveness.


This includes photographers attempting to document the state directed genocide currently ongoing? What’s your excuse for this again? Is this another example of “growing pains” of a third world country (which is also the world’s 2nd largest economy) or is this the “good kind” of nationalism?