I can’t speak for the other home ports, but in Yokosuka I think we were required to get 60 hrs of time per year, but you could get more. I think I executed 100 hrs and it wasn’t like anyone was telling me that was imprudent. That training is as a bridge team that includes lesson Briefing, Simulator Training, and Debriefing with a master mariner. The guys that run the sims are licensed masters - not Navy, though most have Navy time or were from MSC.
Ill look into the Emergency Management Course as an area of improvement, but another improvement might be to establish a recommended curriculum.
As it stands now, how a ship uses that 60-100 hrs is up to the CO. I’ll admit I used most of that time for JO pier-work, underway replenishment, and man overboards.
The DHs get extra time to prepare for their command qualification exam, which includes a simulator check ride in Newport. All officers seeking command go to Newport to take written exams and a practical in the simulator that is pretty intense… (subject to the comments of this forum)…
The practical includes a group of potential COs sitting in a break room watching TV or studying. As they sit there a Navy LT (instructor) will come in and call out one of their names at random. That CO-candidate then follows the LT to a dark bridge simulator running a rules of the road scenario already in progress - with instructors playing all the roles of the helmsmen and lookouts. There are a number of scenarios to choose from and they are always changing. In the scenario the OOD has lost situational awareness and paints a very questionable picture to the CO who then has to spend the next 45 minutes or so getting the ship to safety. The scenario is controlled by the civilian mariners who play the roles of all the fishing, sailing, and merchant traffic - and they can react based on the responses from the CO candidate.
Candidates are given two chances to pass. If they fail they get sent back to their ship and the CO has to re-recommend them for command at sea.
Its good stuff and we could use more. This program has only been around for a few years and is a result of the Surface Navy’s own recognition of shortfalls - particularly with the SWOS-IN-A-BOX generation.