You and many others here appears to lack an understanding of how things work in the world of shipping outside USA.
Let me start by explaining how it works in Norway. (Other European countries are much the same)
Shipping Companies doesn’t pay taxes per se in Norway and most other European countries:
The grievance by Norwegian Shipowners, is about the Wealth Tax paid by the individual share holders in the mostly family owned companies. To pay this tax high dividend has to be paid out, thus tapping the company for money to invest, or to cover daily operating expenses. Foreign companies with ships under either of the Norwegian resgisters does not pay this.
The tonnage tax from registering ships under either the National or 2nd register is miniscule and does not amount to a major income for the Government:
Norwegian Owners may find it more advantageous to register under other quality flags, such as Isle of Man, Gibraltar, Bahamas, Singapore etc. but you find few Norwegian owned, Offshore vessels especially, under Panama, Liberia and other even less “respected” flags, such as Vanuatu. (Marshall Island is becoming more “respectable” due to it’s US affiliation)
The reason for foreign company to register under Norwegian flag is that it is seen and known as a quality flag and not a FoC. The demands put on them discourage the “fly-by-night” operators, but have advantages towards charterers and underwriters.
The reason why the Government encourage Norwegian and foreign Owners to register under NOR or NIS flag is that Shipping is and have always been a major tax base for Norway. It helps to keep shorebased shipping jobs in Norway, not all moving to Singapore, or US.
It also help to secure that there will be some positions left for Norwegian seafarers to fill, to ensure that there will always be people with maritime background to fill those shore jobs in Shipping.
Now to the main question of why Norwegian Shipowners support Filipinos to become competent Master, Officer and Engineers. It is obviously to secure adequate qualified crews to man their ships under whatever flags. At the same time it ensure that Norway will remain a major shipping nation, with worldwide operation.
Does this take money away from Norwegians who wants to take a Maritime Education?
No, not at all. The Norwegian Government does not sponsor this effort in any monetary way.
Education in Norway is free, incl. for foreign students. Grants and cheap loans to cover living expenses are available through Government systems.
Most if not all additional courses are either free, or paid for by the employers ones they have a job.
It may sound like utopia to you, but it is a reality here.
It may also be hard to believe that not all Shipowners are heartless, money grubbing fat cats with no social conscience, but there DO exist some that is actually and genuinely concerned for the welfare and safety of the seafarers and others that work for them. Unbelievable isn’t it??
To assume that ships under 2nd registers, or even FoC flags are all substandard is plain wrong and is not held up by any statistics or reality check. That there are some FoCs that allow such ships are true, but it is a small minority and not the norm, as many here would like to believe.
Don’t believe me?? Well go look for yourself, or talk to somebody that actually deal with such ships.