Yes there are no restriction of where a seafarer originate from, as long as he/she has the required qualifications and aptitude.
BTW; I don’t think there are a lot of Mongolian seafarers though. Did you sail with any??
That is true, most ships are owned by companies in the rich world and manned by people from the “3rd world”, however you define that. China is both a main supplier of crew and owner of ships, incl. under FoC flags, but are they a “3rd wold country”?
There are also several developed/rich countries with “open registers” that is NOT regarded as FoCs. (Singapore, Norway, Denmark, France and others),
They allow foreign crews, incl. Masters. Many are from so called “3rd world countries”, but I don’t see that as a lowering of the safety standard in any way. They are held to the same requirement of training as national crews and the ships have to meet the same rules and regulations.
Some years back I visited an Aframax tanker at Senipah Terminal , East Kalimantan, Indonesia. She had a typical Norwegian name, was flying a Norwegian flag and registered in a small town in Norway called Grimstad.
When I came to the bridge I was met by a smiling man with a turban, Capt. Singh, who welcomed me on board. He had served the same Norwegian company since 2nd Officer on a variety of ships and all over the world.
All the other officers on board were also Indians or Pakistanis, while the crew were all Filipinos.
Not an unusual situation since Norway instigated their “2nd register” NIS. Wilhelmsen even had that same arrangement on their ships under Singapore flag long before that.
In short; I don’t think calling all “3rd world” seafarers “villagers” is very becoming by fellow seafarers, no matter where they come from. Even if they are not paid US or European wages.
They are no less professional, in most part. I’m sure you will agree.
PS> Yes I can read English. And yes I know you didn’t do so.