First of all, as far as the best school for you to got to there isn’t a “best” school. You’re going to get out of college whatever you put in to it.
I am a TMA grad from '97 and wouldn’t have changed where I went to school for anything. I have spent my entire career in and around the Houston area working on tugs and ships.
While I was at TMA I had the pleasure/displeasure of shipping out with SUNY one summer. I have nothing bad to say about SUNY other than the schools are very different. If you’re looking for a military setting then SUNY might be your place. For me the size of TMA, the price, the faculty to student ratio, and the location were perfect.
As far as the MARA vs MART degree they are basically one in the same.
90% of the people I went to school with, who ended up with a MART (marine transportation) degree currently work shoreside where all the MARA people are. Going to sea is not as romantic as it used to be, so if you think you’re going to sail around the world and see all these cool places and do a bunch of cool things you’re sadly mistaken.
Hope this helps out and good luck in your future endeavours,